Asking Deep Questions
Organization of Information
Information Literacy and the Research Process
Attention all Spartans! We at SJCDS want you all to not only fill your brilliant brains with the facts and material taught to you each day from your esteemed professors, we also want you to know how to learn for a lifetime. We want to prepare you for success in college, university, or your next job. When you become knowledgeable in mastering information, communication, and technology skills, then you will see success as an information literate person. Information literacy is knowing when one needs information, locating and accessing the information, and effectively evaluating the information to turn it into knowledge. Research is simply the process for investigation and exploration of information centered around a question or inquiry in order to create new knowledge. The key is that research is systematic: there are steps to do it, and when one follows the steps- no worries! There are several Information Search Processes (ISP) from which to choose. Two notable ones are Big6 and FINDS. Whichever you use, remember that good research takes planning!
Wisdom in the Age of Information: an excellent video on the difference between information, knowledge, and wisdom, and the importance of storytelling to navigate the ladder of the three.
Big6 (by Mike Eisenberg and Bob Berkowitz)
Click for the Big6 website
Follow these steps for any research project or for simply deciding what movie to go see!
1. Task Definition:
1.1 Define the information problem
1.2 Identify information needed to solve the problem
* ask questions!
* have a clear picture in your head of what the end product should look or be like
* go over the rubric if there is one
2. Information Seeking Strategies:
2.1 Determine all possible sources (brainstorm)
2.2 Select the best sources
* think of human (practitioners, researchers, and experts in the field), print (paper and online: books, encyclopedias, magazines, newspapers, professional journals, primary sources) and other sources such as realia (objects), video, radio transcripts
* think of all the possible online sources: subject directories, databases, educational search engines, free web (with evaluation tool), deep web
3. Location and Access:
3.1 Locate sources (intellectually and physically)
3.2 Find information within the source
* search Destiny, your Library Learning Commons catalog, for sources in the library
* search the Jacksonville Public Library catalog, or the Clay County Public Library catalog
* to access the databases, check the URL and password sheet from the library
* to access subject directories, search engines, and deep web resources, click the links to the left
* use table of contents and indexes in print resources
* think of key terms from your essential question or topic and synonyms for search terms
4. Use of Information:
4.1 Engage the source (read, hear, view, touch)
4.2 Extract the relevant information
* osmosis doesn't work here- yes, you actually have to read the material, not necessarily all the material- check out headings, subheadings, captions, and other non-fiction text features
* think "trash or treasure:" what is important to my task, not necessarily just interesting
* make notes with your preferred method in your own words
5.1 Organize the information from multiple sources in order to create new knowledge to show what you learned from your research
* use graphic organizers
5.2 Present the information
* practice and rehearse your presentation
6.1 Judge the product (effectiveness)
6.2 Judge the process (efficiency)
* go back through the rubric; did you do everything to get the best grade?
* next time, what might you do differently? What worked well and what didn't?